Academic Minute Podcast
Mary Koss, University of Arizona – Alcohol and Sexual Assault on College Campuses
Sexual assault is a major problem on college campuses.
Sexual assault scholar, APA award winner for empirical contributions to public policy (2000) and international advancement of psychology (2017). Did first national survey of sexual violence victimization and perpetration in 1987, to which the term “date rape” is credited. Designed and implemented the first restorative justice program for adult sex crimes called RESTORE. Challenged serial rape in 2015 JAMA-Pediatrics. Promoted victim voice in 2017, American Psychologist. Grantee, NIAAA. Featured on This American Life.
Alcohol and Sexual Assault on College Campuses
One of every three women say they have been a victim of sexual assault either when they were in high school or college. That’s according to my recent peer-reviewed survey.
That figure is significantly higher than thirty years ago when I conducted the first national survey of college students. Back then, the victimization rate was one in four.
75% of recent incidents involved victims who were so intoxicated they were unable to consent or stop what was happening. That’s up from 50% in the mid-1980s.
I used the federal definition of rape.That definition goes beyond forcible rape and includes oral, anal or vaginal penetration when the victim is incapacitated.
Thirty years ago, one in 19 men admitted committing sexual assault while in high school or college. That number has increased to one in 8.
One thing that hasn’t changed is that 90% of the men who sexually assaulted did it by taking advantage of a drunk women. They often used relentless pressure to make their intended victims drink more than they wanted.
For years colleges have been trying to reduce irresponsible drinking and associated sexual harm. If the rate of rape is going up instead of down, it calls the effectiveness of these efforts into question, a conclusion supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. An agenda of interventions to reduce perpetration including modifying drinking environments both on campus and in bars surrounding them may be more successful.
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