Gary Giumetti, Quinnipiac University – How Can We Stop Victims of Cyberbullying From Becoming Future Perpetrators?
Cyberbullying can cause a vicious cycle.
Gary Giumetti is a professor of psychology at Quinnipiac University. He teaches courses in industrial-organizational psychology, statistics, senior seminar/capstone, and research methods courses in the psychology department. His research interests include interpersonal mistreatment in the workplace (including cyberbullying and incivility) and its impact on health and performance. He lives near Hartford, CT, with his family.
How Can We Stop Victims of Cyberbullying From Becoming Future Perpetrators?
As more people turn to the Internet for school, work, and social use, so too do more people turn to the Internet to take out their frustrations and aggression. One form of cyber aggression that has been gaining the attention of both researchers and the public in recent years is cyberbullying. You might be wondering, “What is cyberbullying”? Cyberbullying involves aggressive communications sent via the Internet or text messages, and often it takes the form of spreading rumors or gossip, receiving threatening messages, or being excluded from social messages. Among studies focusing on college students and employed adults, the evidence suggests that cyberbullying is a prevalent issue with serious outcomes for those involved.
In or research, we found that college students who were victims of cyberbullying were five times more likely to become a future perpetrator of cyberbullying themselves. We also found that those students who engaged in the perpetration of cyberbullying tended to be more deviant, and victims of cyberbullying tended to experience higher levels of anxiety and depression.
These findings have important practical implications. Since we found that students who were victims of cyberbullying were likely to become future perpetrators themselves, we might try to develop interventions to break this cycle. Evidence from previous research with college students suggests three possible ways to do this:
- First, we can teach college students that they are not as anonymous online as they think (because their online behavior can be traced back to them).
- Second, we can help students to develop empathy for the victim (by seeing that hurtful messages make the victim feel upset).
- Third, we can decrease the favorable norms around cyberbullying (by saying that “cyberbullying is unacceptable and not cool”).
Researchers have shown that doing these three things can reduce the likelihood that a student will engage in future perpetration of cyberbullying.