Publications on ePortfolio: Archives of the Research Landscape (PEARL)

A Study to Analyze Narrative Feedback Record of an Emergency Department


Lee, C.-W., Chen, G.-L., Yu, M.-J., Cheng, P.-L., & Lee, Y.-K. (2021). A Study to Analyze Narrative Feedback Record of an Emergency Department. Journal of Acute Medicine, 11(2), 39–48.


Background: This study adopts the Situation-Behavior-Impact-Action (SBIA) model to examine the compliance of narrative feedback in the Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs)-based e-Portfolio system for clinical preceptors in the emergency department of a regional teaching hospital, and analyzes the applicability of its application in emergency clinical training to increase the feasibility of improving the quality of clinical preceptors' feedback content. Methods: Application of data mining technique to analyze 928 data points was recorded by 14 clinical teachers from April 2017 to May 2019. These data points were narrative feedback from workplace direct observation, which was recorded in the EPAs-based e-Portfolio. Results: The majority of the narrative feedback consisted of only one component, behavior observed (53.99%) and action suggestion (17.24%). Some feedback consisted of two to three components; which were behavior observed-action suggestion (20.37%) and situation description-behavior observed- action suggestion (1.29%). Only a few feedbacks consisted of all four components: situation description- behavior observed-possible impact-action suggestion (0.75%). Conclusions: The current narrative feedback is from the basic appearance of SBIA, but there still got room for improvement. The narrative feedback should be given according to SBIA model in order to provide a comprehensive and constructive learning outcome. The narrative feedback recorded in EPAsbased e-Portfolio provides the delay of feedback effect. Thus, multiple feedbacks from various clinical teachers could make the assessments more concrete and outline the authentic clinical condition of the trainees.

Category: Empirical, Outcomes