Data Show Foreign Student Enrollment Remains High
According to the Institute of International
Education's annual report Open Doors, the enrollment
of foreign students in U.S. colleges and universities is on
the rise. This year's data collection reflects numbers taken
in the late fall of the 2001-2002 academic year, so the numbers
do take into account the number of students who left the States
after the September 11 attack. Next fall's numbers should
reflect whether foreign student enrollment is deterred by
new rules, scrutiny, and visa troubles.
High foreign enrollment can
only be good news according to the Association of International
Educators' (NAFSA) Strategic Task Force on International Student
Access. NAFSA's report "In America's Interest: Welcoming
International Students" concludes that the U.S. must
continue to foster relationships with study from foreign students,
characterizing friendships of those who know the U.S. well
because they have been educated here as "our greatest
foreign policy asset."
Foreign Enrollment in the U.S.
India has surpassed China as
the country of origin for the largest number of students
studying in the United States; Indian students increased
by 22.3 percent.
In its report, NAFSA estimates
that foreign students contributed almost 12 billion to
the U.S. economy during the 2001-02 academic year.
The net contribution from foreign
students to the U.S. economy increased 8.2 percent in
the past year, mostly due to their increased enrollment.
Top fields of study from
international students include business and management
(19.7 percent), engineering (15.1 percent), and mathematics
and computer science (13.2 percent).
New York, Los Angeles,
and Boston are the cities that host the highest numbers
of foreign students; University of Southern California,
New York University, and Columbia University are the leading
institutions in that category.
- The top three sources
foreign students use to pay for a U.S. education, includes
the students' personal or family resources (67.9 percent);
the institution where they are enrolled (20.6 percent);
and from their home government (3.7 percent).
U.S. Students Studying
The number of students
from the States studying abroad in 2000-1 has increased
steadily-the amount grew by 7.3 percent in the previous
The most popular destination
for U.S. students studying abroad is the United Kingdom;
nearly 20 percent of them enroll there, followed by Italy
(10.5 percent), Spain (10.4 percent), and France (7.7
The percentages of those studying
in Europe are starting to decline however, from 79.6 percent
in 1986 to 63 percent in 2001. Latin America, Asia and
Africa are climbing as popular study-abroad destinations.
DID YOU KNOW?
- The percentage of foreign students
studying in the
U. S. has risen from 1.4 percent in 1955 to 4.3 percent
After India and China, the largest
foreign enrollments come from the Republic of Korea, Japan,
Taiwan, Canada, Mexico, Turkey, Indonesia, and Thailand.
In 2000-1, 154,168 U.S. students
study abroad-a 7.4 percent increase from the previous